The cinnamon plant is a small, evergreen tree belonging to the family of Lauraceae within the genus, Cinnamomum. This spice is native to Sri Lanka, but is also now grown in many other countries such as Indonesia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India and China. It contains flavonoids (such as carotenes, zeaxanthin, lutein and cryptoxanthin) and essential oils such as eugenol (a phenylpropanoids class of chemical compound that is responsible for its pleasant, sweet aromatic fragrance), ethyl cinnamate, linalool, cinnamaldehyde, beta-caryophyllene and methyl chavicol. It also contains vitamins and minerals like potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, zinc, magnesium, vitamin A, niacin, pantothenic acid and pyridoxine.
Spinach contains iron, calcium, folic acid, vitamin K, vitamin C, fibre, carotenoids (such as lutein) and bioflavonoids.
Chlorella is a single-cell green algae, which is cultivated in large man-made freshwater ponds under artificially-controlled conditions. It contains protein (60%), including all of the essential amino acids, as well as vitamins B1, C, E and K and the carotenoids beta carotene and lutein.
The acai (pronounced ah-sigh-ee) berry is a small, dark purple palm fruit, indigenous to the Amazon rainforest. For hundreds of years, these berries have formed a staple part of the diet of native tribes. As a richly colored fruit, acai berries naturally contain the purple pigments known as anthocyanins.
The roots of the dandelion plant contain a complex carbohydrate called inulin, as well as vitamins (including A, B complex, C and D), minerals (including zinc, calcium, iron and potassium) and compounds called sesquiterpene lactones.
Camellia thea, or green tea, is a source of catechin polyphenols - Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), in particular.
Alfalfa is a source of chlorophyll, vitamins (such as pro-vitamin A (B-carotene, vitamins B6, C, D, E, K and P), minerals (such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron and zinc), dietary fibre and other nutrients (such as isoflavones, sterols, other plant phytoestrogens and derivatives of coumarin). It also contains all of the essential amino acids and 8 enzymes.
Spirulina is a blue-green microalgae. It contains between 55 and 70% protein (more than beef, chicken, and soybeans), 8 essential and 10 non-essential amino acids, as well as gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), beta-carotene, linoleic acid, arachidonic acid, vitamin K, pantothenic acid, magnesium, potassium, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, iron, copper, manganese, nucleic acids RNA and DNA, chlorophyll and phycocyanin (a pigment-protein complex that is found only in blue-green algae).
Baobab fruit is native to Africa, growing on baobab trees (Adansonia Digitata L.). These trees are reported to live for up to 1000 years and are often called or referred to as “ancient trees of life”. The trunks can store in excess of 30,000 gallons of water, which help the trees survive long drought conditions. The fruit is found inside hard pods that hang upside down from the tree. The dried fruit powder of A. digitata contains various nutrients, including vitamin C, carbohydrates, pectin, riboflavin, calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, phytosterols and fibre (both soluble and insoluble).